Sometimes children will lose their parents and will become orphan for life time and nobody will be there to look after them. Whole life, they feel emotionally broken and insecure. Challenge of social media and Freedom of expression. But in 1990, due to some political mobilisation, there was atmosphere of protest by Hindu religious groups and in large scale “kar sevak” visited Ayodhya from all parts of India, in support of demolishing Babri masjid and building Ram temple there. individuals). and ethno-religious violence. Communal outlook was given, not by participants but by the officials, politician and journalists. This was to be used by Leaders as tool to politically awaken Indians. Why communalism still persists and increasing in modern India? All these acts were done by the British government to appease Muslims and other communities, for their own political needs. religious, its fundamentalism should be considered responsible for communalism. This is also one of the reason which is keeping India still under the status of “developing nation” because, such activities occurring frequently do harm the human resource and economy of the country. This act was followed by the extended communal violence in Gujarat. And it is known for lingual, ethnic, cultural and racial diversity. The Housing Choice Voucher Program, also known as Section 8, is part of Georgia's comprehensive housing program administered by the Georgia Department of Community Affairs (DCA). Communal violence and riots have also been called non-State conflict,Â violent civil or minorities unrest,Â mass racial violence,Â social or inter-communal violence Communalism was a channel for providing service to colonialism and the jagirdari class (land officials). Overall, the Hindus and Muslims in those days, had common economic and political interests. But, such motives were guided purely for their personal greed of power and wealth. were instrumental in deepening and establishing the feeling of communal differences in India. ‘Prevention of Communal and Targeted Violence (Access to Justice and Reparations) Bill, 2011’ lapsed in the parliament. is posing the challenge of ethnic clashes and violence in their respective societies. But whatever have been mentioned in above paragraphs, will be effective only when our society and its citizens, become so much capable and empowered, that they can take sensible, ethical and rational decisions. Introduction Communalism, is referred in the western world as a “theory or system of government in which virtually autonomous local communities are loosely in federation”. Later on, spread of education to peasant and small landlords gave rise to new middle class, as agriculture was becoming stagnant. Conformément à la loi "informatique et liberté" du 6 janvier 1978 modifiée en 2004, vous bénéficiez d'un droit d'accès et de rectification aux informations qui vous concernent: vous pouvez exercer ce droit en vous adressant au service des examens et concours de votre académie. For this, there is no provision of compensation of such victims, about their livelihood incomes forgone, against social stigmas and emotional trauma of the families. For Example- In western Punjab at that time, Muslim landlord opposed Hindu moneylenders. Prominent among them are SACHAR COMMITTEE, NANAVATI COMMITTEE and RANGANATH MISHRA COMMISSION. If we discuss about Indian society, we will find that, ancient India was united and no such communal feelings were there. Promoting learning of each other’s local language for easy exchange of ideas. This is one of the bloodshed in India, where Sikhs in large number were massacred by anti- Sikh mob. After this, violence was followed by the Godhra incident in 2002, when “kar sevak” returning from Ayodhya in a Sabarmati Express were killed by fire in the coaches of train. That violence is like black spot in the history of the Gujarat and nation too, as people were killed without any mercy. Ethnic tensions between Bodos and Bengali-speaking Muslims escalated into a riot in Kokrajhar in July 2012, when unidentified miscreants killed four Bodo youths at Joypur. Because of Mughal rule and 1857 revolt, colonial government was suspicious towards Muslims and they patronised Hindus. There were disputes since then and riots also took place. Let the reasons be unknown, but what matters is, the nature and scale of loss to the country with respect to human resource and peace. So, these people started demanding communal representation and this way, social base for communalism widened. 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